What Is Nuclear Technology Essay

Essay topic

The threat of nuclear weapons maintains world peace. Nuclear power provides cheap and clean energy. The benefits of nuclear technology far outweigh the disadvantages. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

The following is an essay submitted by one of our students.

There are many benefits to nuclear energy.  Military powers have used them to end wars and are still using them as a deterrent. Used for civilian reasons, nuclear energy provides electricity with no negative impact on the environment. Some people, therefore, believe that the advantages of nuclear power outweigh the disadvantages. However, in my opinion, these are all misconceptions and I don’t support nuclear power.

Used as a weapon it has the most destructive power. The effects of radiation have consequences for years to come. The genetic material of human beings and of plants could be damaged from exposure to radiation. Restoring peace and rebuilding the country after a nuclear attack can be even more difficult. The radiation can even affect people living in neighbouring countries.  Today, nuclear weapons could fall in the hands of the so called rogue states or terrorist groups. If used for terrorist purposes the consequences could be quite disastrous.

As a source of energy for civilian reasons nuclear power seems very attractive, but it is also very dangerous. Accidents in nuclear power plants have happened before in Chernobyl and more recently in Fukushima. Both accidents went totally out of control and destroyed the surrounding zones. In addition to the risk of accidents, there is the problem of nuclear waste. It will keep producing radiation for centuries and today we have no satisfying solution for the transport and the storage of nuclear waste.

For the above stated reasons, I believe, that even if nuclear power has enormous benefits, the dangers inherent to this technologies are so significant that they outweigh all possible benefits.

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IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 36 - The threat of nuclear weapons maintains the world peace

Last Updated: Tuesday, 04 October 2016 12:50
Written by IELTS Mentor
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IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

The threat of nuclear weapons maintains the world peace. Nuclear power provides cheap and clean energy. The benefits of nuclear technology far out-weight the disadvantages.

Do you agree or disagree?

You should write at least 250 words

Use your own knowledge and experience and support your arguments with examples and relevant evidence.

Sample Essay 1:
Some countries are developing their nuclear weapons these days, and it becomes a serious threat to the world peace. But it is undeniable that nuclear technology is clean for the environment and offers low-cost energy source. Therefore a lot of people believe that nuclear technology has more positive sides than its negatives. I personally disagree with the statement and the following essay will discuss in details about it.

To begin with, even though nuclear power could be used as an alternative source of energy, but some parties could misuse the technology. Nuclear power plants can be used as propaganda by some countries, whereas they will tell the public that they only use the technology for power generation purposes. But, the public would never know what lies behind their plants, as they might be developing an advanced and sophisticated nuclear weapons.

And then, although nuclear power plants are safe to the environment and cheaper in cost, many people still believe that they are a serious threat to the surrounding areas. Some countries have tried to manage their nuclear power plants cautiously, but sometimes unexpected events happen and cause a serious effect on the surrounding areas. For example, it is undeniable that Japan is well known for its advanced, effective and modern nuclear technology. But in the year 2010, a tsunami had struck one of the country’s power plants, and as a consequence, it caused a leakage in the plants and many casualties were found.

I believe that that weapon of much destruction is always a threat to the world and it is hard to believe that a weapon can maintain world peace. The history tells us how the weapons have destroyed millions of lives and have caused severe damage to our environment.

In conclusion, although nuclear technology could be used as a clean and cheap source of energy, I strongly disagree with it. Even though strict monitoring is made sure for those nuclear plant and research centres, some countries might secretly use it as a weapon. And then, no matter how well the power plants are built, they could still be a threat for our civilisations, as we could never predict that any natural disaster could hit these power plants anytime.

[ Written by  - Darwin Lesmana ]

Model Answer 2:
Nuclear power is an innovation of the modern science. It is the key source of nuclear weapons. Nuclear technology can be used for our benefits as the natural resources are limited and being exhausted every second. It can be the most efficient alternative to fuel, electricity, and other types of energy. But yet nuclear weapons are a threat to our existence and single misuse of this giant power can destroy our civilisation.

Many of the first world countries have achieved the nuclear power and have become a superpower. It can initially seem that mono-polarization of nuclear power preserves world peace but the idea is not agreeable always. The present world is not in a position where powerful countries will shout at weaker and the peace will prevail. The reality is we notice lots of suicide bombing attack and the hatred; the wrath of the people is so acute that they won't even think about the existence of our civilisation. To maintain peace there must be a peaceful way. Anger, Power threat and domination can't keep the peace in the worlds. So I disagree with the statement that nuclear weapon can maintain the world peace and far-weight the disadvantages but I do agree with the idea that nuclear power can be a great source of cheap energy.

It is very much true that nuclear power is an alternative and perhaps the most efficient source of energy during these days of the energy crisis. Unlike other natural resources such as petroleum or gas , it is highly effective for industrial, transportation and other purposes and it is pollution free. As it is limitless, there is no question of its being used up like other natural resources like natural gas. Moreover, to control the over-increasing environmental pollution we have to use this technology in every applicable field. One day we all will be bound to use nuclear power to continue our life when there won't be any natural gas, fuels at all.

However, this power is not available to all walks of life. Even it is absent in many countries who are searching for an alternative energy source. Only a few countries can produce it and unfortunately they are very strict to conceal their technology. Without having easy-access, a source of energy can not be a good one. Besides nuclear power needs the utmost and very careful handling, in the case of any indulgence, or any misuse can cause a huge loss of life and property. For instance, Chernobyl Nuclear Plant hazard affected a huge loss of lives. The balance of ecosystem was completely disturbed and even now, after this long time, people are affected by the nuclear side-effects. This is one but not the only incidence of radioactivity and we must be cautious about what might happen in future.

In addition, nuclear power tends superpower to dominate others. It has become general that a superpower can easily attack a weak nation with any lame cause but negotiate with superpowers. But this is not going to be the common scenario always.

In conclusion, the nuclear power can be used for our benefit or even for destruction. This totally depends on the ideology, humanity and our well-thinking. So we must use it for our betterment, not for our destruction.

(This model answer has been prepared by the site developer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible answers.)


Model Answer 3:

Nuclear energy is a two sided sword. On the one hand, it provides sustainable clean energy, while on the other hand, it provides weapons of mass destruction. However, I believe the benefits of using nuclear energy far outweigh its disadvantages, and it is essential to the world peace.

Throughout human history, man has derived energy by burning fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas. Excavation and burning of fossil fuels on a large scale for factories and automobiles have disturbed the ecological balance of nature and is leading to pollution and global warming. In contrast, nuclear power provides a clean source of energy as it does not release any harmful gases into the atmosphere. Energy generated using nuclear power is even cheaper than that generated by burning fossil fuels. The radioactive waste products of nuclear energy can be kept in specially created containers so that they do not disturb the environment.

Opponents of nuclear energy always cite the risks of a nuclear war by the development of nuclear weapons. However, it is interesting to note that till today there has not been a single major war between states possessing nuclear weapons. The United States and Russia were rivals during the cold war. However, they never went to a war as doing so would mean destruction on a large scale on both sides. India and Pakistan fought three major wars since their independence. However, after possessing nuclear weapons, there has not been a single major war between them. Possession of nuclear weapons acts as a deterrent to war, as a war between two nuclear weapons state would lead to catastrophe on both sides. The only use of nuclear weapons the world has seen is on Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the United States during World War 2. Both the cities were levelled with tens of thousands of people killed instantly and more than thousands later by the radiation poisoning. Mankind cannot afford such devastation.

In light of the above arguments, I believe the benefits of using nuclear energy far outweigh its disadvantages, and it is essential to the world peace.

(by Pankaj Kohli)


Model Answer 4:

The use of nuclear power has been one of the most controversial issues over many years. Although there seem to be clear benefits of this power, its drawbacks can never be underestimated. I, however, strongly agree that the pros of this technology are much more than its cons which will be discussed in this essay.

Those who are against nuclear weapons present their arguments on the base of the threat it presents to the world. These powerful weapons, if goes into destructive hands, would be devastating enough to wipe off an entire city in minutes. The two cities of Japan namely Hiroshima and Nagasaki, destroyed during the Second World War can be taken as examples. Furthermore, natural disasters like earthquakes and Tsunamis might, at any time, collapse the nuclear power plants. This will not only kill thousands of people by their radio hazards but also might leave negative impacts on the future generations.

Nevertheless, the merits that nuclear weapons bring are crucial to the world. Firstly, it is the cheapest source of energy, a tremendous amount of energy can be produced to meet the demand of the growing population with very little resources. So, the use of organic fuels can be cut down. In addition to this, it is pollution free so the global warming and greenhouse effects might be reduced to some extent by replacing fossil fuels with it. The natural resources like fuels and oils would not last forever and then the nuclear power can be the best solution as a source of energy. It would be a cheaper form of energy as a single nuclear power plant can provide the energy required to run a whole city.

Therefore, I would like to conclude that in spite of some drawbacks of nuclear weapons and power, their advantages are enumerable. They should however, be used with safety and precautions.


(Approximately 258 words)
(by Sazna Koirala)

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