Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I'm Neil and…
...I'm Finn. Today's programme is all about academic English.
If you are going to study or you are studying at an English-speaking university, you might be wondering how you'll cope with understanding lectures and academic texts…
…and writing essays.
Yes. Academic English is different to the English people speak and write every day…
It's more formal and uses higher level words. So in today's programme, we'll give you ideas for understanding words and phrases that you'll come across…
…and some advice for writing essays and giving presentations.
We'll also give you tips for studying in English… But first, let's look at three main features of academic English: difficult English vocabulary...
…specialist subject vocabulary…
…and language for organising essays and presentations.
Now when you come across a word you don't know in an academic text or lecture, you can try to guess its meaning by looking at the context…
…or by seeing if the word looks like a word in your own language.
This is a particularly useful strategy if your own language has lots of words from Greek or Latin as many of the words used in academic English come from those languages. Words, for example, like microscopic, which means tiny, or analysis, which means study…
…or regeneration, which means renewal.
Another strategy for working out the meaning is to look at how a word is constructed. Academic English words often have prefixes and suffixes.
Remember, a prefix comes before the main part of the word and can change a word's meaning. For example, the prefix de, spelt d-e, means removing something, or reversing something.
So, de-population means a reduction in the number of people somewhere, and de-forestation means clearing of trees from an area.
Suffixes are attached to the end of words.A common suffix in English is -ise, spelt i-s-e. Examples of words with -ise are stabilise, characterise and specialise. And these words are spelt with –ize in American English.
That's right, they are. Now another common suffix is -ate, spelt a-t-e. Words with this suffix are differentiate and duplicate.
Specialist subject words may also cause difficulty. Now you can help yourself in two ways: Firstly, prepare yourself before lectures. Find some texts on your subject, on the internet or in journals and magazines, and study the recurring specialist words in those texts.
Yes, and to help yourself with this get hold of an English-English dictionary, and an English subject dictionary – for example of Medicine, or Law, or Linguistics.
And secondly, listen to English radio and watch TV – now there are lots of specialist features which can help improve both your general and specialist English – and of course the BBC website has sections which have stories on technology, and science, and arts, which can also help.
When writing your academic piece or giving a presentation, you will need to structure and organise your writing or presentation by using signposting language.
You use signposts to indicate important parts of your essay such as stating its purpose, its structure, your views, the main points, and the direction of the argument and conclusions at the end as well.
Linking words and phrases show connections between sentences and paragraphs.
Yes, so Neil, let's give some examples of signposts. Firstly, for starting a piece of writing...
The aim of this study is to…
This essay argues that…
Yes. And how about for ending it…
And some examples of linking words and phrases are…
First(ly), … second(ly), … finally, …
And for adding something, you could write…
In addition, … furthermore, …
And if you want to show contrast, you might write…
... however, … nevertheless, … on the other hand, …
6 Minute Vocabulary from BBC Learning English.
And now for some tips for getting the best out of studying in English.
OK, here's a good one. Have a study buddy – that's someone you can study with. You can test each other and support each other.
And another one, set aside time for regular language study in addition to your academic study.
Time for a quiz. Complete the sentences. Number one: Many words in academic English come from a) Latin words, b) American words or c) newspapers?
It's a) Latin words. Now question two: A good way to start an essay is a) for example, b) in conclusion or c) this essay argues that?
And it's c) this essay argues that.
And the last question is: A good way to end an essay is a) on the other hand, b) in conclusion or c) this essay argues that?
And the answer is b) in conclusion. There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Do join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.
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Okay, here’s how you introduce yourself in English in 10 lines… and this might take you 2 to 3 minutes or less. With this lesson…
- You get the important English phrases.
- Read out loud to practice your speaking.
- Feel free to print this sheet out for extra review.
Here’s how you introduce yourself in English. Let’s go.
1) Hello, It’s nice to meet you.
Hello and Nice to meet you in English are must-know phrases. And any introduction will probably will start with these words.
2) My name is _____.
This is simple. Just take the phrase above and add your name.
- My name is + (your name)
- My name is Juan.
- My name is Ali.
- My name is Maria.
- My name is Shen.
- My name is Bob.
- My name is Anna.
3) I am from ______.
So, where are you from? America? Europe? Africa? Asia? Just stick the name of your country inside this phrase. This means – what country where you born in?
- I’m from Pakistan.
- I’m from China.
- I’m from India.
- I’m from Malaysia.
- I’m from South Korea.
- I’m from Russia.
- I’m from Mexico.
4) I live in ______.
What about now – where do you live now? Just fill in the blank with the country or city (if famous) into this phrase.
- I live in Pakistan.
- I live in India.
- I live in France.
- I live in Brazil.
- I live in China.
- I live in Taiwan.
- I live in Japan.
Where do you live?
5) I’ve been learning English for _____.
How long have you been learning English for? A month? A year?
- I’ve been learning English for 1 year.
- I’ve been learning English for 2 years.
- I’ve been learning English for 2 months.
- I’ve been learning English for 30 days.
- I’ve been learning English for 5 weeks.
6) I’m learning English at _____.
Where are you learning English? And how? At school? At home? This would be a great line to know and use when you’re introducing yourself. “At” may change to “in” or other prepositions. Or, it may get removed Here are my examples:
- I’m learning English at school.
- I’m learning English at home.
- I’m learning English in class.
- I’m learning English online.
- I’m learning English with a friend.
- I’m learning English with a teacher.
- I’m learning English at EnglishClass101.com
7) I am ____ years old.
Here’s how to say how old you are in English. Just place your age number inside that’s it.
- I am 15 years old.
- I am 20 years old.
- I am 25 years old.
8) I am ______.
What about your position? Are you a student? Yoga teacher? Lawyer for the potato industry? Potato salesman? Super important question that people like to ask.
Just say “I + am + a + (job).
- I am a student.
- I am a doctor.
- I am a programmer.
- I am a dentist.
- I am a college student.
- I am an office worker.
- I am an English teacher.
9) One of my hobbies is _____.
Now, let’s move onto personal interests – hobbies! My hobbies are languages and using the internet. How about you? Here are some examples:
- One of my hobbies is sleeping.
- One of my hobbies is learning English.
- One of my hobbies is going out with friends.
- One of my hobbies is watching movies.
- One of my hobbies is going to restaurants.
- One of my hobbies is cooking.
Please use these for yourself.
10) I enjoy listening to music.
Rhis is just another example line about your hobbies. You can use something else where. What do you enjoy or like? Here are some examples:
- I enjoy listening to music.
- I enjoy eating.
- I enjoy watching television.
- I enjoy learning languages.
- I enjoy exercising.
- I enjoy reading.
So now you know how to introduce yourself in English in 10 lines. I’m sure there’s a ton more you can say – but this is an easy, simple start that any beginner can put to use. It’s all about starting easy.
See if you can introduce yourself below. Leave me a comment.
I read all comments!
Hope you enjoyed this!
– The Main Junkie
P.S. I highly recommend this for English learners. If you REALLY want to learn English with effective lessons by real teachers – Sign up for free at EnglishClass101 (click here) and start learning!
Written by The Junkie
Linguajunkie is a junkie for languages. English, Japanese, Korean, Russian, German, Hebrew...with more on the way.