The French Revolution
The French Revolution was an important part of history. It had an impact on the way things are for us today. There were many social, economic, and political causes for the French Revolution. The American Revolution also had ways that influenced the French Revolution. According to the documents, there were a lot of things that happened in the French revolution and there are three main, important causes.
According to document number one, there was a great cause for the French Revolution. It stated that there was a taille which means tax on the land and its produce. This tax was very high for the commoners and very little for the nobility. This indeed was very unfair to the commoners because they got paid less money than the nobles, which who were very rich. It stated that this caused “misery”. A woman even complained and said, “The tailles and feudal dues are crushing us”. This, itself, was a great cause.
According to document number two, there was another great cause for the French Revolution. It stated: 1% of the first estate (clergy) only owned 10% of the land, 2% of the second estate (nobles) only owned 35%, and 97% of the third estate (middle class, peasants, city workers) owned 55% of the land. The more land owned meant the more they’d spend on taxes. The third estate was in deep debt because of the high taxes on the lands and because of deficit spending. This was also due to the unfair conditions about the three estates and taxes.
Lastly, according to document number five, it stated, “the suffering of the people was not greater than they had been before.” It stated a huge cause in the French Revolution, which was the Declaration of American Independence. This American example caused the Revolution to outbreak.
This French Revolution was a big part of history. According to documents one, two, and five, there were three most important causes for this French Revolution. The Americans influenced the French Revolution. The...
Causes Of The French Revolution Dbq
The late 1700's were a period of great social and political revolution in Western civilization. The French Revolution was a major part of this sweeping change in the way Europeans (and the newborn Americans) perceived the function of government and the most effective ways of governing. The French Revolution had many long term and short term causes and effects, and was one of the most violent periods in the history of the country. There were many factors that contributed to the spark of the revolution. There were three main causes of the French Revolution: gross mishandling of governing duties and incompetence in the leadership of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, the large and very unjust social and economic gap between the first two privileged estates and the poor third estate, and finally the revolutionary ideas of the enlightenment and their influence on the philosophies of the people.
Louis XVI was one of the most incompetent and frankly idiotic rulers in the history of France. He would have absolutely nothing to do with his official duties as king, and his horribly decadent lifestyle contributed greatly to the economic plight France was in. The fact that he was married to Marie Antoinette, a native of Austria, France's sworn enemy, was very detrimental as well. Louis XVI inherited debt from previous rulers, but he made no move of any kind toward paying it off. In fact, he borrowed vast sums of money in order to give aid to the Americans in their revolution, which only worsened France's already outstanding deficit. In 1786, bankers refused to lend the government any more money, and Louis XVI was in serious trouble. Of course, all of this put Louis in a highly unfavorable position with the people of France, who absolutely despised him and his wife. Marie Antoinette was a major problem for Louis as well. She gave him poor advice on governing matters, spent large amounts of money on her own vanity, and was generally hated by the people the moment she set foot in France. Louis was a serial procrastinator. He put off dealing with economic troubles until it was essentially too late, and the people were completely fed up. He was finally forced to resort to taxing the nobility, which spelled the end of Louis's reign, as the Estates-General that he called-the first in 175 years-to deal with the problem was the first step of the revolution. It is also ironic that the American Revolution (which Louis supported) was a major factor to the downfall of the monarchy, as suggested by Lord Acton, "...The American example caused the (French) Revolution to break out..."(doc. 5).
All throughout human history, the wealthy have always been the minority. They have been completely deaf to the voices of the majority of people, who tend to...
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